The principle of ius sanguinis, enshrined in article 1 of Law no. 91/92, allows the transmissibility of the Italian citizenship by descent and is one of the ways provided for by the law to obtain the Italian citizenship. Citizenship by parentage, or iure sanuinis, represents a proper right that is recognised to those who are ascendants of Italian citizens.
By virtue of the strong waves of migration that Italian citizens have experienced in the past century, today many foreign nationals are eligible to apply for the recognition of their Italian citizenship iure sanguinis.
How to get the recognition of the Italian citizenship iure sanguinis?
The main requirements for obtaining the Italian citizenship recognition are the following:
- the applicant should have an ascendant with Italian origin, who has never requested the naturalization in another foreign country or has requested it after the birth of the applicant;
That being said, the procedure for obtaining the recognition of the Italian citizenship consists of the following steps:
- Collect of all the relevant documents illustrating the whole bloodline between the Italian ascendant and the applicant (e.g. birth, marriage and death certificate of the ascendant), In case the applicant resides abroad, the request shall be submitted to the competent Italian Embassy or Consulate in the jurisdiction in which the applicant is resident;
- In case the applicant resides in Italy, the request shall be submitted to the competent Italian Municipality in the jurisdiction in which the applicant is resident;
- Issue of the decree containing the recognition of the Italian citizenship, after the conduct of duly investigations by the competent Italian authority.
What are the documents needed to apply for the recognition of the Italian citizenship?
- Civil status documents (e.g. birth, marriage and death certificate) in full form copy, duly translated into Italian and apostilled in the jurisdiction in which the applicant is resident (or notarized and legalized with an Italian Embassy or Consulate if the jurisdiction where the applicant is resident is not a member of the apostille convention) related to whole chain which connect the applicant with the Italian ascendant;
- Certificate of foreign non-naturalization of the Italian ascendant or his/her certificate of naturalization with date of acquisition of the foreign citizenship or copy of the judgment of foreign naturalization indicating the date of oath;
- In case the applicant resides in Italy, certificate of residence registration to the Italian Municipality.
Who will be the competent authorities to receive and examine your request?
In most of cases, the applicant can apply for the Italian citizenship iure sanguinis either at the competent Italian diplomatic authority abroad or at the Italian Municipality where he resides. However, in some specific hypothesis (i.e. descendants of Italian mothers born before 1948) it is necessary to file a legal action before the Italian Tribunal.
The time frame to obtain the recognition of the Italian citizenship will be approximately from 6 to 8 months from the day in which you will provide us with all the necessary documents and information.