The Italian Immigration Act (Testo Unico Immigrazione) provides for a proof of accommodation suitable to host the foreign citizen and which the latter must declare when registering his residence in Italy, for the purposes of applying for an Italian Residence Permit and the relative authorization to enter Italy.
However, according to the law, the guarantee of such accommodation may vary depending on the type of permit requested, since it does not always have to be an accommodation for an exclusive use. This is the case for the following types of Permits: medical treatment (art. 36 TUI), voluntary work (art. 27-bis TUI), student stay, student exchange and internship (art. 39-bis TUI).
The requirement of accommodation in the strictest sense of the availability of a dwelling provided with the requirements of housing suitability continues today to be requested in an exclusive way only in case of family reunification (art. 29 TUI), while it still represents an alternative in case of signature of an immigration contract and the relative issuance of the first Residence Permit for work reasons.
In the latter hypothesis, in fact, it is also possible to produce, instead of a rental contract and relative housing suitability of the rented property, a simple hotel reservation of at least thirty days, attested by a letter of confirmation issued and signed by the host structure on its letterhead accompanied by the signatory’s identity document. The ratio behind this practice lies in the desire to create a balance between the guarantee of minimum standards of protection of the healthiness of the environment in which the foreign citizen must reside and the need to speed up and facilitate the mobility process of these workers. For example, temporary Secondments of workers from foreign companies to their Italian offices or the hiring of highly qualified foreign workers by Italian companies, which are subject to very rapid recruitment processes.
On the other hand, this requirement is not expressly provided for by the law for other types of Residence Permit such as, in particular, that for asylum seekers or for international protection, that for the acquisition of citizenship or statelessness, those now called for “special cases” and that for assistance to minors.
From this it can be deduced that the availability of housing is not the only condition of accommodation provided by law, since the latter – as mentioned above – can also be precarious in some cases, without prejudice to the obligation of the person concerned to inform the public security offices, in order to ensure the traceability of the same.